Compulsory Gymnastics Training

Compulsory gymnastics competition, sometimes called outside of the United States – mandatory competition, is a set of defined event routines that all gymnasts at that particular level are required to perform. The routines are the same for everyone at that level on every event. Worse, the music for the floor routine is also the same.


Theoretically, the purpose of the compulsory routines is to develop common necessary skills for all gymnasts at that level. It also makes it somewhat simpler for the less experienced compulsory judges to evaluate routine performances.

It’s Important to Have Large Numbers

In practice, it is very difficult to design compulsory routines which are both developmental and easy enough to enable large numbers of potential competitors to be able to perform them.

New Compulsories are Easier

In the most recent round of USA Gymnastics 2013 – 2021 compulsory routines the bottom level of competition, Level 3, has been made easier to allow more athletes to participate by dropping the kip option from the bar routine.

Start at Either Level 3 or Level 4

Gymnasts are allowed to enter the USA Gymnastics competition system at either Level 3 or Level 4. The primary decision as to which level to enter at are most likely to be whether a gymnasts can perform a kip and make it over the vault table. If they can, they could probably start at Level 4 and not Level 3.

How Long to Reach Your Goals?

Gymnasts, coaches and parents should have an overall perspective (view) of how compulsory competition fits into their overall gymnastics goals and career. First of all, assuming a gymnast wishes to reach the Elite level (from which Olympic gymnasts are chosen), a coaches, parents and gymnasts should have a good idea of how long it is going to take to reach that level.

6 – 7 Years to Elite at One Level Per Year

If a gymnast starts at Level 4 at age eight and moves up one level per year, they could theoretically become an Elite at age 15. Of course, it is more difficult to move up from Level 10 to Elite than it is say to move up from Level 5 to Level 6.

No More Than One Year Per Level

If it is taking more than one year to move up from one compulsory level to another, this is of concern for making the Elite level in a timely manner, if at all.

Start Optional Training

In fact, gymnasts, coaches and parents should and need to be working on and learning optional skills from the beginning of their gymnastics career, if they are to be able to move up from optional level to optional level. If they do not, they may have difficulty moving through optional levels in a timely manner.

Compulsories Do NOT Prepare You for the Olympics

In truth, compulsory routines are not effective at all as Olympic or Elite gymnastics training systems. Gymnasts and programs that wish to reach these levels, use other training programs to prepare either in conjunction with or as a substitute for compulsory training.

Good Competition Experience and Training

Compulsory competitions can provide useful training and experience in how to compete. Basically, you need to compete to learn how to compete and there is no substitute for competitive experience.

Compulsory Gymnastics Only Programs

There are some gymnastics teams and programs in the country, which specialize in compulsory competition. This is not necessarily a bad thing. Not all coaches and programs are capable of producing Olympic athletes and gymnastics is a good sport and good for gymnasts of all levels. It is, however, something gymnasts should be aware of.

“Professional” Compulsory Gymnastics Programs

In these programs, gymnasts typically remain at one level until they win and sometimes even stay at that level after they have been winning for a number of years. Optional coaches often call these “professional” compulsory programs.

Compulsory Gymnastics “Success”

Such programs often have a seemingly enviable record of compulsory wins, but often have no success in producing high-level optional gymnasts. Gymnasts should know whether the program they are in has success in creating high-level optional gymnasts if that is their goal.

Other Countries Also Have Compulsories

Many other countries also have their own unique compulsory training and competition systems, which are different than in the United States. There is as much difference in compulsory programs in the world as there are cultural differences between the different countries.

Olympic Compulsories Gone

Historically, there even used to be compulsory competition in the Olympics. Olympic gymnasts used to be required to perform both compulsory and optional routines. In recent years, the Olympic compulsory routines were dropped and Olympic gymnasts now only compete optionals.

There are Still Elite Compulsories

There are also still compulsories used at the Elite level. In order to qualify for the Elite level, gymnasts are tested on compulsory skill, combinations and routines. In fact, many programs devoted to training athletes for the Elite level begin teaching and training progressions to these skills and elements to their compulsory and Elite training program gymnasts

USA Gymnastics Compulsory Women's App

For More:

We have developed a series of e-Books – Secrets to Level 4 Gymnastics, Secrets to Level 5 Gymnastics and Secrets to Level 3 Gymnastics – that outline and describe a training program designed to both compete successfully at the compulsory level and simultaneously train for high level optionals.

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