Extension/Flexion: The act of stretching or straightening out a flexed limb. Extension of a joint is moving toward its most straight position. Flexion is the bending of a joint.Â Opposing muscles move each joint in the body toward extension or flexion.
Eccentric Muscle Contraction: An eccentric contraction is when a contracting muscle lengthens. An example is lowering down by straightening the arms from a chin-up.
Concentric Muscle Contraction: A concentric contraction is when a muscle shortens while contracting. Doing a pull-up by contractng the bicepsÂ is an example.
Adduction: Hip adduction is bringing the knees together. Shoulder adduction is pressing the arms downward while out to the side.
Abduction: In general, refers to movements moving outward from the center of the body.Â Hip abduction is moving the legs, knees and feet outward. Shoulder abduction is moving the arms and hands out to the side. Abduction, for gymnastics, usually refers to gymnastics/strength training and the specific abductor weight machines or exercises, that are used […]
Effective gymnastics strength training involves a lot more than just doing gymnastics skills. Learn the elements of an efficient training program here.