Static Stretching: A type of stretching in which a relaxed position is held without moving for a significant period of time. As opposed to dynamic stretching in which the limb is moved vigorously to stretch.
Split: Any front or sideward body position in which the legs are extended apart as far as possible in opposite directions with the ideal angle of the legs being 180 degrees or more apart. Splits are designated as side splits or straddle splits.
V-sit: A body position used in gymnastics where the legs are raised off the floor in a deep pike position and the entire body is supported by the hands form the general appearance of a “V” shape.
PNF Stretching: PNF is an abbreviation for proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation A technique for increasing flexibility which combines muscle tension with passive stretching. Also sometimes called isometric stretching.
Passive Stretching: A general term used to describe a static stretch in which an external force (such as the floor or another person) holds the performer in the static position.
Limber: A frontward or backward gymnastics flexibility skill that is similar to a walkover except the legs remain together at all times. The skill begins on the feet, passes through a handstand and finishes on the feet again in a stand. A front limber requires more shoulder and lower back flexibility than a walkover.